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 NACD Home An initiative of The Presidency in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Tourism Culture and National Orientation    




Nigeria as the most populous country in the whole of Africa has an immense rich cultural heritage.  As a country, Nigeria is blessed with diverse culture with natural vegetation, good weather condition, land mass and potential tourist sites.  However, in the past, Nigeria did not realize nor take tourism as an important economic mainstay as compared to some developed nations of the world where tourism serves as a major income earner.  Some of the reasons that could be advanced for this scenario are:

(i)         The inability of past Administrations to fully identify and promote our rich cultural heritage.  This, for example, witnessed the rating of culture as second in the former Ministry of Information, while tourism was in the former Ministry of Trade and Tourism.

(ii)        Long period of military rule prevented the country from entering into mutual cooperation with other countries.  This type of relationship is very necessary for effective promotion of Culture and Tourism.

(iii)       Poor participation of private players.

1.2              The Birth of Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism

2.         The Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism came into being in June 1999, following the harmonization of the Culture and Tourism as a Ministry by the present Administration.  Its creation by a democratic Administrations represent an important contribution of the President Olusegun Obasanjo’s Administration towards the growth of the Culture and Tourism sub-sector.  It was carved out of Federal Ministry of Information and Culture and Federal Ministry of Commerce and Tourism.  Consequent upon its creation in June, 1999, the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism was saddled with the overall promotion of our nation’s immense and rich cultural heritage.

II          LOCATION

3.         At inception, the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism was located at the Old Secretariat, Area 1, Garki, and it has 6 Departments and 10 Parastatals under it.  In July, 2000, part of the Ministry moved to the new Federal Secretariat (Bulet Building), while the rest still operates from the former office at the Old Secretariat, Area 1, Garki, since it was not possible to secure enough office rooms at the befitting office accommodation at the Bulet Building.

4.         The vision of the Ministry is to position Culture and Tourism as a leverage for economic growth and development.
5.         The Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism shall promote the nation’s rich cultural heritage through identification, development, marketing of the diverse cultural and tourism potentials.  It shall formulate and implement policies aimed at diversifying the economy and placing it on the path of sustainable growth and development.
6.         The core mandate of this Ministry is to promote Culture and Tourism as a foreign exchange earner, income distributor, major employer of labour, a catalyst for rural development / poverty reduction and fostering peace.  Thus, through cultural tourism, the Ministry will undertake practical steps towards harnessing the nation’s cultural and tourism potentials with the aim of ensuring that tourism contributes a minimum of 4% of the GDP at any time in point as against the current level of 0.95% of our GDP.

7.         The Units in the Ministry include:
                    Press Unit
                   Legal Unit
                 Audit Unit

8.         The Parastatals formerly ten in number have been reduced to eight and these are:-

i)                    National Commission for Museums and Monuments (NCMM)

ii)                   National Council for Arts and Culture (NCAC)

iii)                 Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation (NTDC)

iv)                 National Gallery of Art (NGA)

v)                  National Institute for Cultural Orientation (NICO)

vi)                 Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization (CBAAC)

vii)               National Troupe /National Theatre of Nigeria (NT / NTN)

viii)              National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR)

The major functions and responsibilities of the Departments, Units and Parastatals are highlighted in the subsequent paragraphs in the Ministry.

            Department of Finance and Administration
9.       The Finance and Administration Department:

i)                    is responsible for all matters relating to staff appointment, promotion, discipline, welfare and training. 

ii)                   deals with establishment matters with regards to pension administration, records and registry.

iii)                 advises the management on personnel matters while providing a cordial working relationship between the various Departments /Agencies of the Ministry.  It also coordinates the activities of the Parastatals.

iv)                 takes charge of receipts of funds and keeps records of all financial transactions of the Ministry.

v)                  is responsible for the payment of staff salaries, allowances and other entitlements, and payment of contractors and other members of the public is done by the Finance and Administration Department.

vi)                 coordinates the preparation of the Ministry’s budget, prepares all sub-allocations of quarterly releases to the various sub-heads and serves as the Secretariat of the Ministry’s Budget and Funds Allocation Committee.

vii)               is responsible for supplies and purchases, and deals with maintenance of office building, furniture and equipment.

Department of Planning, Research and Statistics

10.       This Department:

i)                    is charged with the responsibility of formulating policies for the Cultural and Tourism Sector through the Organization of National Council on Culture and Tourism in conjunction with all thirty-six (36) States Commissioners of Culture and Tourism, including State Tourism Boards, stakeholders and the Federal Capital Territory.

ii)                   coordinates the Council’s decisions and notifies all the thirty-six States, States Tourism Boards, Federal Capital Territory and various NGOs.

iii)                 monitors the Ministry’s capital projects.

iv)                 coordinates the Inter-Ministerial Committee on the production and implementation of Tourism Satellite Account and the National Tourism Master Plan.

v)                  coordinates the preparation of the Ministry’s development plan and programmes in collaboration with the Operational Departments.

vi)                 is responsible for data collation and management, development and policy analysis into relevant proposal of the operational departments.

vii)               is the Secretariat of the Ministerial Tenders Board (MTB) for the collation and processing of all contracts awards within the thresholds of N1m – N50m for the Ministry and above N20 million for FMCT’s Parastatals.

Department of Domestic Cultural Operations

11.       The Department is responsible for:

i)                    packaging and promotion of major cultural and tourism industries and events.

ii)                   providing services to domestic and international tourists.

iii)                 Developing and promoting the propagation of Nigerian Cultural diversities, preservation of indigenous and traditional herbal systems, and tangible heritage such as festivals, crafts production, etc.

iv)                 encouraging the production of Arts and Crafts as a means for poverty reduction among the people.

v)                  The publication of cultural magazines, books, pamphlets and flyers as information materials for schools and tertiary institutions for the promotion of Nigerian culture.

Department of External Cultural Relations

12.       The functions of the department include:

i)                    negotiation and implementation of Cultural Cooperation Agreement, Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with friendly countries and local / fare multinational organizations.

Department of Domestic Tourism Services and Control

13.       The Department is responsible for:

i)                    the coordination, monitoring and evaluation of the performance of the Tourism Sector in the country.

ii)                   development and promotion of tourism products and domestic tourism while building tourism information and its documentation.

iii)                 the coordination and supervision of the activities of Domestic Tourism matters as it affects the Ministry and its Parastatals.

iv)                 the maintenance of a reservoir of travel related data.

Department of International Tourism Promotion and Cooperation

14.       The main activities of this Department include:

i)                    policy initiation and formulation.

ii)                   monitoring of the country’s tourism industry through international cooperation.

iii)                 handling of matters relating to bilateral and multilateral cooperation between Nigeria and foreign countries and various international organizations.

iv)                 research and review of the country’s tourism industry.

v)                  coordination of matters on Africa Travel Association, World Travel Market (WTM) in Nigeria.


            National Commission for Museums and Monuments (NCMM)

15.       The National Commission for Museums and Monuments is responsible for:

i)                    the administration of National Museums antiquities and monuments throughout the country.

ii)                   construction, maintenance and management of National Museums /  Outlets for or in connection with:

Antiquities, Science and Technology, Warfare, Africa and Black Arts and antiquities, Architecture, National History and Educational Services.

iii)                 the preservation of antiquities and monuments and their declaration as national ones.

iv)                 granting approvals for establishment of private museums.

National Council for Arts and Culture (NCAC)

16.       The functions of the National Council for Arts and Culture include: -

i)                    promotion and fostering the appreciation, revival and development of Nigerian Arts, Crafts and Culture.

ii)                   registering artists and artiste group for effective business relationship.

iii)                 coordination of inter-state cultural exchange activities.

iv)                 organization of exhibitions in visual, performing and literary arts.

v)                  promoting the development of traditional dance, drama, opera, photography, folklore, oral tradition, literature, poetry, painting and general arts, woodworks, embroidery, weaving and similar crafts.

vi)                 establishment of Cultural Centres, theatre arts galleries and craft centers for the promotion of arts and culture.

vii)               preservation of all materials on culture that contribute to the image of personality of Nigeria.

Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation (NTDC)

17.       The Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation has the mandate for: -

i)                    standardizing and sensitizing the tourism industry through registration, inspection, classification and grading of the Hospitality and Tourism Enterprises (HTEs).

ii)                   identifying, assessing and documenting tourism sites and attractions for development / investment and promotion purposes.

iii)                 providing technical and advisory services to the public.

iv)                 publicizing and promoting Nigeria’s tourism endowments.

v)                  providing reliable and up to date tourism statistical data through establishment of Tourism Data Bank and the implementation of the Tourism Satellite Account.

vi)                 liaison with relevant government ministries and agencies to ensure and facilitate the provision of infrastructural facilities at tourism sites.

National Gallery of Art (NGA)

18.       The major function of the National Gallery of Art is centred on building different kinds of galleries, e.g:  Portrait Galleries, Galleries of Modern Arts, The National Hall of Fame, Galleries of Contemporary Islamic Arts, Galleries of Contemporary Christian Arts, National Photographic Gallery, National Gallery of Architecture and Designs, and Special Workshop / Studios Project.  The NGA accepts and stores gifts of works of contemporary art, property, money or other assets from individuals and organizations, provided these gifts are not inconsistent with the objectives of the Gallery.

            National Institute for Cultural Orientation (NICO)

19.       The National Institute for Cultural Orientation is responsible for:

i)                    building up of personnel and materials for innovative study and development of Nigeria’s history.

ii)                   promotion of the nation’s cultural heritage and the continuous movement of Nigeria’s cultural policy in line with globalization.

iii)                 Conduct of an in-depth research and documentation into Nigerian culture and history.

Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization (CBAAC)

20.       Similarly, Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization (CBAAC) deals with preserving the legacies arising from Festac ’77 through public lectures, discussions, symposia and performances.  In rendering these quality services, CBAAC has embarked on providing indexes, guides, catalogues, and bibliographies to facilitate the utilization of our resources.            National Theatre / National Troupe of Nigeria (NT / NTN)

21.       The National Theatre / National Troupe of Nigeria:

i)                    encourages the discovery and development of talents in the arts.

ii)                   promotes healthy cultural activities and habits in the society.

iii)                 is responsible for the efficient management of the National Theatre.

iv)                 manages and provides venue and facilities for exhibition of arts, paintings, furniture, building materials, science equipment, computers, etc.

Nigerian Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR)

22.       The Nigerian Institute for Hospitality and Tourism has the responsibility for:-

i)                    providing supervisory management courses for middle and managerial cadres as well as upgrading courses for junior and middle level cadre personnel.

ii)                   management of tourism statistics courses for planners, research officers and statisticians.

iii)                 organizing certificate courses on Tourism Journalism for Journalists in the Tourism Sector.

iv)                 organizing specialized Diplomas and Postgraduate programmes in Hospitality and Tourism Management for Senior functionaries and trainers.

v)                  providing short term managerial training for Senior Managers and Principal Grade Officers in both public and private sectors.



23.       The present Administration since its inception in May, 1999 has demonstrated a strong commitment to the development of the country’s cultural and tourism industry.  As a first step in this regard, His Excellency, Mr. President created a Ministry of Culture and Tourism as a means of strengthening the country’s cultural tourism.  In addition, efforts are being made through the implementation of various programmes and policy initiatives to promote culture and tourism as one of important revenue earner for the nation.


            Policy Initiatives

24.       During the period of this Administration, Culture and Tourism was given a pride of place and was selected as one of the six priority sectors of the Federal Government.  This led to the introduction of policy initiatives geared towards increasing the contribution of the sector to the GDP.  These include the review of the existing Cultural Policy of 1988 and the introduction of a National Tourism Policy.        

25.       One of the notable achievements towards implementing the Policy Initiatives, is the establishment of the Presidential Council on Tourism which is chaired by His Excellency, Mr. President.  Also important, is the establishment of the National Committee on Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage headed by the Honourable Minister of Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism.  There is also the introduction of a stakeholder Forum, namely; the National Council on Culture and Tourism, in year 2000 for articulating policies aimed at boosting the contribution of the sector to the national economy.  The National Council on Culture and Tourism, which is the highest policy-generating forum, is made of the Federal Ministry of Culture and Tourism, its Parastatals, State Commissioners in charge of Culture and Tourism and Stakeholders in the Private sector.

26.       The National Council on Culture and Tourism, which is held annually, had its first meeting in November 2000 in Jos, Plateau State.  Some of the notable achievements of the Council include:

i)                    introduction and hosting of Abuja Carnival in 2005;

ii)                   the introduction of a National Tourism Policy;

iii)                 production of the final draft copy of the Tourism Development Master Plan;

iv)                 the introduction of the Tourism Satellite Account (TSA);

v)                  a review of the 1988 Cultural Policy for Nigeria (80% completed);

vi)                 the enlistment of Sukur World Heritage site at Adamawa and Osun Oshogbo Sacred Grove into the prestigious UNESCO World Heritage list.

27.       The National Tourism Development Master Plan has poverty alleviation as its primary focus.  Similarly, the main objective of the “Abuja Carnival” 2005 is centred on promoting and marketing the rich and robust cultural heritage of Nigeria and her artistic expressions.  The carnival is to be held annually to serve as an essential tourism product.


29.       Some of the physical infrastructures embarked upon by the present administration include:

i)                    Refurbishment of the National Museum in Owo, Ondo State

ii)                   Refurbishment of National Museum, Enugu

iii)                 Wall fencing of Jos Zoo /  Museum

iv)                 Completion of School of Archeological Museum Studies, Jos

v)                  Construction of an Office Building Complex at National Museum, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State.

vi)                 Establishment of nine herbal Gardens at Getso and Abina in Ebonyi State.

vii)               Construction of two round Maiduguri Crafts Centres

viii)              Block fencing and construction of workshop for Crafts Centre, Bauchi

ix)                 Construction of NICO permanent site at Kuje Area Council, Abuja (15% completed).

x)                  Refurbishment of National Theatre’s roof and electrical / air-conditioning system

xi)                 Construction of 3 Nos. Classrooms, one borehole with overhead tank, 35 room office complex, generator house, all at NICO Office in Lagos.

xii)               Construction of NTDC Zonal Office in Lagos

xiii)              Construction of Oguta Lake Resort

xiv)             Fencing of CBAAC Annex Office Building in Lagos

xv)               The conversion of inter-centre Ikoyi, into a National Museum of Human Rights violation.

xvi)             Construction of the Nigeria Cultural Centre and Millennium Tower in Central Area, Abuja.


30.       since its creation, the Ministry has witnessed a burst of activities leading to notable achievements which has earn accolade for Nigeria worldwide.  The Ministry has as much as possible met its objectives to position Cultural tourism development in the country to an enviable height.  The effort now is to consolidate on the achievements, which is the thrust for future years through the following:

i)                    funding and implementing an aggressive marketing strategy in all international tourism and cultural events;

ii)                   continue to develop international and domestic tourism with cultural tourism as the bedrock;

iii)                 arresting the decay of the natural and built environment, including key historic sites through conservation and preservation;

iv)                 the coordinated implementation of the Nigeria Tourism Development Master plan;

v)                  complete the establishment of the Tourism Satellite Account to assist in evaluating the actual impact of tourism in the national economy; and

vi)                 staging an even more spectacular Abuja Carnival 2006.




In order to ensure the efficient implementation of its mandate, the Ministry’s vision, mission and goal are shared out to its Departments and Parastatals.  The Ministry is presently structured into six (6) Departments, three (3) Units and eight (8) Parastatals.  The Departments are as follows: 

1. Finance and Administration

2. Planning, Research and Statistics

3. Domestic Cultural Operations

4. External Cultural Relations

5. Domestic Tourism Services and Control

6. International Tourism Promotion and Cooperation